Climate change and National Parks

Skip to section navigation

Climate change will affect all the different habitats and wildlife in UK National Parks. But some of our habitats, if looked after properly, could help fight climate change by becoming carbon sinks and could help deal with some of the effects of climate change.


Climate Change is bad news for national parks

Climate change is already having an effect on the landscape, wildlife and local communities in UK National Parks. These are just some of the things that threaten our national parks as the climate in Britain becomes warmer and wetter:

  • More erosion of coastal cliffs and upland areas from sea and rain water
  • Peatlands get eroded and start to leak out carbon rather than storing it
  • River flooding damages fields and makes it difficult to get farm animals out
  • Spring floods cause problems for ground nesting birds
  • More visitors in warm weather creates more traffic problems and more C02
  • Risk of more fires spreading over moorland, burning heather and damaging peat bog areas
  • Loss of species and habitats that cannot adapt quickly enough to changing weather

National Parks are good news for climate change!

Peat bog with heather and water pool in the Peak District

National parks cover about 10 percent of the land in Britain. They include a range of habitats, from mountains, moorlands, forests, grasslands, coasts and wetlands. Some of these habitats, if managed correctly, can help to combat climate change and to adapt to its effects by:

  • Controlling floods by creating areas for flood water rather than flooding towns or cities
  • Conserving water in lakes and reservoirs
  • Creating more woodlands so new trees soak up C02 as they grow
  • Conserving peat bogs, which soak up and store C02
  • Investing in micro renewable energy, like solar power, small hydro-electric generators, woodchip boilers and ground source heat pumps, to supply energy without any C02 emissions

Our climate change projects

Our projects to combat climate change range from micro hydro-power and promoting local food to sustainable transport and wood fuel.