Where?
This is an activity for you to do in the classroom.
Who for?
Key stage 2 and 3 - England and Wales
Level 3 - Scotland
Who by?
This activity is for you to take, using the outline in the activity pdf.

Activity aims:

To demonstrate large-scale geological concepts to show:

  • There are three geological parts to the world; crust, mantle and core.
  • Mountains are formed by movement in the earth's crust.
  • There are three main types of rock; sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic.

The Earth's rocks and mountains are the same as chocolate! During this fun interactive activity the geological processes that shaped the landscape we see today are explained using chocolate. The three geological parts to the world; crust, mantle and core are introduced, we explain how mountains are formed by movement in the earth's crust and pupils learn three main types of rock; sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic.

What you will need:

Activity instruction sheet

  1. Different types of chocolate bars
  2. Rock samples
  3. Globe or world map

Curriculum links (Scotland):

Science

  • Having explored the substances that make up Earth's surface, I can compare some of their characteristics and uses. SCN 2-17a

Social Sciences

  • I can describe the major characteristic features of Scotland's landscape and explain how these were formed. SOC 2-07a
  • Having investigated processes which form and shape landscapes, I can explain their impact on selected landscapes in Scotland, Europe and beyond. SOC 3-07a

Literacy across learning (Listening and Talking)

  • When I engage with others, I can respond in ways appropriate to my role, show that I value others' contributions and use these to build on thinking. LIT 2-02a
  • When I engage with others, I can make a relevant contribution, encourage others to contribute and acknowledge that they have the right to hold a different opinion. I can respond in ways appropriate to my role and use contributions to reflect on, clarify or adapt thinking. LIT 3-02a
  • I can show my understanding of what I listen to or watch by responding to literal, inferential, evaluative and other types of questions, and by asking different kinds of questions of my own. LIT 2-07a
  • To help me develop an informed view, I can distinguish fact from opinion, and I am learning to recognise when my sources try to influence me and how useful these are. LIT 2-08a

Health and Wellbeing across learning (Physical Wellbeing)

  • I am learning to assess and manage risk, to protect myself and others, and to reduce the potential for harm when possible. HWB 2-16a & HWB 3-16a
  • I know and can demonstrate how to travel safely. HWB 2-18a & HWB 3-18a

Numeracy across learning (Data and Analysis)

  • I have carried out investigations and surveys, devising and using a variety of methods to gather information and have worked with others to collate, organise and communicate the results in an appropriate way. MNU 2-20b