National Park facts and figures

Skip to section navigation

Physical facts and figures

Land area covered by National Parks:

England: 10 National Parks cover 9.3% of the land area

Wales: 3 National Parks cover 19.9.% of the land area

Scotland: 2 National Parks cover 7.2% of the land area

Internationally: 113,000 National Parks and similarly protected areas cover approximately 6% of the Earth's land surface, that's about 149 million square kilometres! (Source - IUCN - International Union for Conservation of Nature).

National Park name Area (sq kilometres) Highest point (metres) Coastline (kilometres) Main settlements
Brecon Beacons 1344 Pen y Fan - 886 0 Brecon, Crickhowell, Gilwern and Hay
Broads 303 Strumpshaw Hill - 38 2.7 Stalham, Wroxham, Brundall, Acle, Loddon, Beccles and Oulton Broad
Cairngorms 4,528 Ben Macdui - 1309 0 Aviemore, Ballater, Braemar, Grantown-on-Spey, Kingussie, Newtonmore, and Tomintoul
Dartmoor 953 High Willhays - 621 0 Ashburton, Buckfastleigh, Chagford, Moretonhampstead
Exmoor 694 Dunkery Beacon - 519 55 Lynton, Dunster, Porlock and Dulverton
Lake District 2362 Scafell Pike - 978m 23 Ambleside, Bowness, Coniston, Grasmere, Keswick
Loch Lomond and the Trossachs 1865 Ben More - 1174 58 Balloch, Callander and Tarbet
New Forest 570 Telegraph Hill - 140 42 Lyndhurst, Brockenhurst and Burley
Northumberland 1048 The Cheviot - 815 0 Hexham, Haltwhistle, Bellingham, Rothbury and Wooler
North York Moors 1434 Urra Moor - 454 42 Helmsley and Thornton-le-Dale
Peak District 1437 Kinder Scout - 636 0 Bakewell and Tideswell
Pembrokeshire Coast 621 Foel Cwmcerwyn - 536 418 St Davids, Tenby and Saundersfoot
Snowdonia 2176 Snowdon - 1085 60 Aberdyfi, Dolgellau, Trawsfynydd and Beddgelert
South Downs 1624 Blackdown - 280 14 Arundel, Steyning, Lewes, Midhurst and Petersfield
Yorkshire Dales 2178 Whernside - 736 0 Grassington, Settle, Hawes and Sedbergh

[Updated on 1 August 2016 when boundaries extended for the Yorkshire Dales and Lake District National Parks.]

Social and historical facts and figures

A scheduled ancient monument is a protected archaeological site or building that is of national importance.
Conservation areas are villages or towns with important architecture that is protected.

National Park name Year of designation Population Scheduled ancient monuments Conservation Areas Visitors a year (million) Visitor days a year (million) Visitor spend a year (million)
Brecon Beacons 1957 32,000 268 11 4.15 5 £197
Broads 1989 6,271 14 18 8 15.5 £568
*Cairngorms 2003 17,000 60 4 1.5 3.1 £185
*Dartmoor 1951 34,000 1058 23 2.4 3.1 £111
Exmoor 1954 10,600 202 16 1.4 2 £85
Lake District 1951 41,100 281 23 16.4 24 £1146
*Loch Lomond and the Trossachs 2002 15,600 60 7 4 7 £190
New Forest 2005 34,922 622 19 Not available 13.5 £123
Northumberland 1956 2,200 424, including 1 World Heritage Site 1 and 3 National Conservation Areas 1.5 1.7 £190
North York Moors 1952 23,380 840 42 7 10.8 £538
Peak District 1951 37,905 469 109 8.75 11.75 £541
Pembrokeshire Coast 1952 22,800   14 4.2 13 £498
*Snowdonia 1951 25,482 359 14 4.27 10.4 £396
South Downs 2010 120,000 700 165 Not available 39 £333
Yorkshire Dales 1954 23,637 199 37 9.5 12.6 £400

* These visitor numbers and visitor spend figures have been taken from STEAM reports, mostly from 2009. Figures for all other national parks were updated in October 2014.

National Parks UK, Plas y Ffynnon, Cambrian Way, Brecon, LD3 7HP
Jobs  |  Extranet login
© Copyright 2016 National Parks UK.